Bodhidharma was a Brahman by birth, and was a member of the Kshatriya warrior caste.  He received his religious training from the Dhyana Master Prajnatara.  Da Mo is said to also have been proficient in Kalaripayat. 

Kalari payat includes strikes, kicks, grappling, preset forms, weaponry and healing methods. Regional variants are classified according to geographical position in Kerala; these are the northern style of the Malayalese, the southern style of the Tamils and the central style from inner Kerala. Northern kalari payat is based on the principle of hard technique, while the southern style primarily follows the soft techniques, even though both systems make use of internal and external concepts that were practiced while using the controlled breathing methods of Astanga yoga’s pranayama. 

Although meditation can be done while walking, standing, sitting, or lying down, most do sitting meditation. The Chan School of Buddhism is most well-known for its single-minded emphasis on direct meditational inquiry. Preliminary meditational practices are usually concerned with the calming and purification of mind and body. Formal stages of meditation prior to enlightenment are outlined in the entries Four Dhyanas and Four Formless Realms.

Three Prerequisites for Sitting in Meditation

I. Patience

II. No Greed

One should not hope for enlightenment. If you think about how you want to become enlightened, then even if you were meant to get enlightened, that single thought will cover over your enlightenment and prevent it from happening.

Do not seek speed in your practice. One cannot expect to sit today and get enlightened tomorrow.

III. Perseverance 

Once your legs are in full-lotus, you should hold your body erect. Sit up straight and do not lean forward or backward. Keep your spine straight and erect. Curl your tongue back against the roof of your mouth. If your saliva builds up,  you can swallow it. 

Your eyes are not necessarily open and not necessarily closed. If you leave your eyes open while meditating, it is very easy to have false thinking about what you see. If you completely close your eyes while sitting, it is very easy to fall asleep. And so keeping your eyes half open and half closed is a good way to counteract both problems.

As to your mind, don't think of anything. Don't have any distracting thoughts. Don't think about what state you are experiencing or hope to experience, and don't think about how you want to get enlightened. 

Four Dhyanas
1) First Dhyana: Bliss Born of Separation
2) Second Dhyana: Bliss Born of Samadhi
3) Third Dhyana: Wonderful Happiness of Being Apart from Bliss
4) Fourth Dhyana: Clear Purity of Casting Away Thought

Four Formless Realms
1) Realm of Infinite Space,
2) Realm of Infinite Consciousness,
3) Realm of Nothing Whatsoever,
4) Realm of Neither Cognition Nor Non-Cognition.

The Four Formless Realms are states which are experienced temporarily in meditation. They lie beyond the Four Dhyanas, and are so subtle, they are difficult to talk about using ordinary language and even difficult to conceptualize. Words are the container of attempts to describes these essences. 

They also correspond to the Four Formless Heavens, the homes of the formless gods. These states can be experienced for a relatively short time by humans who have reached them in the course of their meditation, or they can be experienced as states of rebirth for those reborn as gods in the formless heavens.

Although the experiences of these realms are of rare and subtle states of bliss, none is considered enlightenment.

I. Infinite Space

Loose all attachments of materiality, and preconceptions, one penetrates the realm of endless space.

II. Infinite Consciousness

For those who have lost all attachments, there is neither obstruction nor extinction so they enter the realm of infinite consciousness.  At this state, one abandons empty space as an object and also abandons the perceptions, feelings, cognitions, formations, and consciousness that are associated with it. All that remains is a consciousness that is immense and infinite.

III. No-thing 

Those who have already done away with empty space and form; loose and transcend the conscious mind as well. In all the directions there is nowhere to go at all, one is in the realm of nothing whatsoever.

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